Waste logistics refers to the value of economic activity&Nbsp; five, the overall implementation strategy of green logistics
1. – Implementation of green logistics of logistics enterprises operate.
logistics enterprises from the angle of environmental protection to develop its green management policy in order to promote the further development of green logistics. (1) choice of green transport. Through the effective use of the vehicle, lower the vehicle running, improve distribution efficiency. For example, planning outlets and distribution centers, optimizing delivery routes, increasing joint distribution, raising round-trip cargo rates; changes in modes of transport, shift from road transport to rail transport and maritime transport; using the Green tool, reduce emissions, and so on. (2) the promotion of green packaging. Packaging is not only the guardian of goods and commodities to enter the market permits. Green packaging that is alert and environmental protection should also be consistent with the 4R requirement, which supplies less (Reduction), you can re-use (Reuse), recycled (Reclaim) and recycling (Recycle). (3) Green distribution processing. Shift from distributed processing to specialized processing to scale operations improve resource utilization and reduce environmental pollution; scraps generated in the focus on distribution processing, reduce waste, and so on. (4) collect and manage green information. Logistics is not only the transfer of the commodity space, also includes information about the collection, processing, storage and use. Green logistics requirements gathering, sorting and storage of all kinds of green information and timely applied logistics, promote the further greening of logistics.
3. Increased investment--the development of green logistics technology, promote the modernization of logistics facilities.
key for green logistics, rely on the notion of green logistics, not only the implementation of green logistics management and more from technology application and development of green logistics. Development of advanced logistics technology, the Foundation of a modern logistics also advanced the development of green logistics technology, without the Foundation of green logistics. Our logistics technology and environmental requirements have larger gaps, such as logistics and mechanization, automatization, logistics, information and networking, compared with Western logistics technology in developed countries, the gap of about 10 to 20 years. To vigorously develop green logistics technology, or green logistics is impossible. Modernization of logistics infrastructure needs to be improved. Logistics industry's development is inseparable from the road, information, terminals, logistics and distribution sites and a series of infrastructure construction, and construction of facilities is not achieved overnight, be a gradual process. Meanwhile, the interflow of economies of scale, quantity can reduce the costs of individual products in logistics. In addition, with the development of communication technologies and networks, should the introduction of global positioning systems and logistics activities, combine road, rail, sea and air transport information, arranging the logistics of routes and vehicles, fast and accurate logistics operation.
4. The role of Government--the development of green logistics regulations.
green logistics is now an important component of sustainable economic development, its social economy unceasing development and the continuous improvement of the quality of human life is important. Because of this, implementation of green logistics is not only, but also from the point of view of Government control, intensive management of existing logistics systems. Some developed country Governments attach great importance to the development of policies, regulations, and of green logistics management and control in the macro. Especially to control the pollution source of logistics, the main pollution source of logistics as follows: transport emissions pollute the air, distribution processing of waste water pollution, environmental pollution by discarded disposable packaging, and so on. Therefore, they developed such as a pollution source, restricting traffic, control traffic flow of relevant policies and regulations. Many kinds of foreign environmental regulations, some provisions are quite specific, hard, latest international environmental labeling has been established by the International Organization for standardization issued implementation. Although since in the 1990 of the 20th century has been committed to the environmental pollution in China's policies and the development and promulgation of regulations, but there are not many for the logistics industry. Development and promulgation of these environmental policies or laws, can become a pressure, and provide development opportunities for enterprises, logistics managers are analyzed in order to clear direction, overcome obstacles and promote the development of green logistics, encouraging green the established and existing enterprise's Green logistics of logistics enterprises in transition. Green enterprise is based on green logistics strategy, to adopt green technology for its internal needs, economic benefits and environmental benefits of optimization is the goal of the new organization of logistics enterprise. Green logistics enterprise green management, follow the "4Rs" principle. Namely: study (Research), reduction (Reduction), recycling (Recycle), and then develop (Redevelop). For new green logistics enterprises, the Government may grant the corresponding policy, its logistics activities always follow the "green" principles. And the Green transformation of the existing logistics enterprise is incentive focus of Government policy. Green specifications and transformation of existing logistics enterprises, the promotion of green logistics have a multiplier effect.
5. Improve the idea--developing green logistics personnel.
data show that personnel engaged in logistics management at this stage, Wuhan.yangnet.info Railway Express in recruitment are mostly without professional learning, computer and management professional staff. College concern in this respect is not high, the talent gap about million, fundamentally affects the implementation of green logistics. Society should be more ideas, the Government should increase investment in logistics education.
six, green logistics management implementation strategy
1, green transport management
(1) joint distribution: joint distribution the distribution activities jointly organized and implemented by multiple enterprises. Several small and medium joint distribution center, Division of a regional customer delivery, it mainly refers to a small number of customers ' needs in the area of goods and vehicles is not fully loaded, vehicle utilization is not high. Joint distribution can be divided into the owner of joint distribution and logistics enterprises as the main body of the joint distribution of two types. From the owner's perspective, through the joint distribution can improve the efficiency of logistics. Such as a small wholesale, if each distribution is difficult to meet the distribution requirements for retailers more batches, small batch. A common distribution, delivery can be achieved little distribution, receiving party can unify inspection, in order to improve the service level objective; from a logistics perspective, in particular small and medium sized logistics enterprises, due to the funding, personnel and management constraints, low volume, low efficiency, vehicles, contract business alone, restricted in rationalization and efficiency. If mutual cooperation, joint distribution, raise capital, commodities, through the information network to raise the utilization rate of vehicles and other problems can be solved. Therefore, the joint distribution can maximize personnel, materials, efficient use of resources such as money, time, and maximize the benefits. Can also remove excess cross transport, and ease traffic, environmental protection and other social benefits.
(2) combined transportation mode: combined transportation refers to the lessons of railway, automotive, marine, aircraft and other modes of transport advantages, combining them and more links, more sections, a mode of transport connection for the transport of goods. This mode of transportation with container as the General media to link the various tools, to promote the role of combined direct transport. This requires loading tool and the package size should be standardized. Due to full use of containers and other packaging, reducing packaging costs, reduce damage during transport, the poor. Composite consistent transport way of advantage also performance in: it overcome has single transport way inherent of defects, to in overall Shang guarantee has transport process of most optimization and efficiency of; on the, from logistics channel see, it effective to solution has due to geographic, and climate, and based facilities construction, various market environment differences caused of commodity in sales space, and time Shang of separation, promote has sales Zhijian close combined and enterprise production business of effective running.
(3) to develop the third party logistics: third party logistics by supply and demand-side logistics company provides logistics services business. Development third party logistics, by these specifically engaged in logistics business of enterprise for for party or needed party provides logistics service, can from more high of angle, and more widely to consider logistics rationalization problem, simplified distribution link, for reasonable transport, conducive to in more widely of range within on logistics resources for reasonable using and configuration, can avoid owned logistics brings of funds occupied, and transport efficiency low, and distribution link cumbersome, and Enterprise burden aggravated, and city pollution increased, problem. While some vehicles in big cities was saturated, professional logistics company reduces the amount of emergence of transport vehicles in the city, so as to alleviate the pressure of logistics on urban environmental pollution. In addition, enterprises of all kinds of transport means should be adopted to save resources, reduce pollution and raw power of the environment, such as the use of liquefied petroleum gas, solar energy as an engine for urban transport; or in response to the Government's call to accelerate the upgrading of transport.
2, green package management
green packaging packaging refers to saving resources and protecting the environment. Ways to green packaging are: promote production departments to simplify, and packaging made from biodegradable materials; in the circulation process, measures should be taken to realize the rationalization and modernization of packaging:
(1) packaged modular: identifying packaging based size standards, namely, packaging modulus. Package module standards are determined, into circulation products will require size, according to module packaging. Modular packaging to small packages a collection of flasks, containers and pallets. Packaging and warehouse facilities, transport facilities modules such as unification of size modulus, also helps to transport and storage, in order to achieve rationalization of logistics systems.
(2) of the large packaging and container: benefit of logistics system in the loading and unloading, moving, storage and transportation process of mechanization, Quicken the speed of these links can reduce packaging, save the packaging material and packaging costs, help protect the goods. Such as the use of containers, bulk bags, pallets and other containers.
(3) packaging times, and repeatedly using and abandoned packaging of processing: used general packaging, without specifically arrangements return using; used turnover packaging, can times repeatedly using, as beverage, and beer bottle,; Cascade using, once using Hou of packaging real, with BI into for it with or simple processing Hou turned for it with; on abandoned packaging real by regeneration processing, into for other uses or making materials.
(4) development of new packaging materials and packaging equipment: trends, packaging of high-function, multiple packaging functions using less material.
3, green distribution processing
circulation processing items in the process from production to use, according to the packaging is needed, cutting, measuring, sorting, assembling, price stickers, labels, inspection and other simple jobs in General. Circulation processing has a strong productive and distribution sector in the area of environmental protection can be achieved. Green distribution process mainly consists of two measures: one is the processing center for professional processing of consumers to scale operations to improve the efficiency of resource use and reduce environmental pollution. Such as catering services focused on food processing, to reduce the separation of the energy and air pollution from cooking; the second is focused on processing of consumer goods produced in the corner waste material to reduce consumer dispersion process caused by the pollution of waste, such as the circulation Department on vegetable processing can reduce the residents dispersed processing garbage and the corresponding environmental governance.
4, the management of waste material logistics
from environment of angle see, future large production, and large consumption of results must led to large waste of produced, despite has take has many measures accelerated waste of processing and control waste logistics, but from General Shang see, large waste of appeared still on social produced has serious of negative effect, led to waste processing of difficult, and will raised social resources of depletion and natural resources of deterioration. Therefore, the 21st century logistics activities and maintain the Earth's environment must be conducive to the effective use of resources.
waste logistics refers to the original value will be lost economic activity, according to the actual need for collection, sorting, processing, packaging, handling, storage, and sent to a special disposal sites when the goods entity flows. Waste logistics role, ignoring the value of the object or the object no reuse value, only starting from the environmental protection, disposal by incineration and chemical processing stacking, buried or shipped to specific locations. Reducing waste logistics, need to realize the reuse (recycling after use), recycling (after processing into new raw material), should create a production, circulation, consumption, waste recycling system. To achieve this goal, companies will not only consider their own logistics efficiency, but from the entire supply chain vision is needed to organize the logistics, and with further development of the supply chain management of cycle-logistics of waste must also be considered. Namely, managing logistics and counterparty mutual benefits of supply-chain logistics to pursue, from production to consumption flows all the benefits of circulating logistics should be the pursuit of efficiency of the whole process from production to waste.BACK PAGE